Criteria & Certifications

Sustainable forestry requires the conservation and promotion of

– Biological diversity
– Forest ecosystem health, vitality, and productivity
– Soil and water resources
– Socio-economic benefits

The global community has come to a common understanding of what constitutes sustainable forest management for temperate and boreal ecosystems, such as those Wagner manages.

Several organizations have developed comprehensive standards to define the practice of sustainable forest management. Under these standards, each of the criteria listed above is fleshed out and supported by several detailed, measurable “indicators” that require physical evidence of compliance.

Independent, professional auditors then perform rigorous audits of forest managers to certify their conformance with the criteria and indicators under the standard.

Wagner Forest Management has earned certifications from all organizations seen below.

Sustainable Forestry Initiative®

As a North American solutions-oriented sustainability organization, the Sustainable Forestry Initiative strives “To advance sustainability through forest focused collaboration”. Through its SFI 2015-2019 Forest Management Standard over 360 million acres (147 million hectares) have been certified in the US and Canada. The international organization Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) recognizes the SFI standard. PEFC has endorsed 43 national forest certification systems accounting for 300 million hectares of certified forests.

Wagner manages over 90% of its clients’ timberlands subject to the stringent requirements of the Sustainable Forestry Initiative’s SFI 2015-2019 Forest Management Standard. Wagner has assisted its clients in obtaining SFI certification since 2002. In 2010, Wagner took advantage of a new group multi-site sampling methodology to become SFI certified as a Forest Manager with our participating clients listed in the scope of the registration. Wagner’s certificate code is PwC-SFIFM-377.

The SFI 2015-2019 Forest Management Standard promotes sustainable forest management through 13 principles, 15 objectives, 37 performance measures and 101 indicators developed by professional foresters, conservationists, scientists and others. The standard addresses key environmental, social and economic forest values – from water quality and biodiversity to harvesting and regeneration.

When consumers see the SFI label on a product – whether it is reams of paper, packaging or two-by-fours – they can be confident they are buying wood or paper from well-managed forests, backed by a rigorous, third-party certification audit.

Forest Stewardship Council

The Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) was created in 1993 to promote responsible forestry on a worldwide basis. FSC standards span economic, social, and environmental concerns, and those standards are now being applied in over 89 countries around the world. Currently over 520 million acres (211 million hectares) are certified to FSC’s FM standard.

FSC certifies against 10 principles, 70 criteria and over 190 indicators that address legal issues, indigenous rights, labor rights, multiple benefits, and environmental impacts surrounding forest management. These rigorous principles and criteria apply to all FSC-certified forests throughout the world, including the different bio-geographic regions of the U.S.

Wagner Forest Management has maintained its FSC Forest Management certification as a group manager since 2008. Annual surveillance audits have been conducted by numerous experienced FSC auditors since the initial assessment. Additionally, full reassessment audits were conducted in 2013 and 2018. Wagner’s group members hold over 518,000 acres in Maine and 104,000 acres in New Hampshire. In addition, Wagner and its subsidiary Prime Timber Company LLC have maintained a single FSC chain-of-custody certificate since 2008. The Trademark License Code for Wagner’s group forest management certification is FSC® C007628; for Prime Timber Company, it is FSC® C005688. Products and species included in the scope of each certificate may be found at